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Biomass has been a major energy source, prior to the discovery of fossil fuels like coal and petroleum.


Even though its role has presently diminished in developed countries, it is still widely used in rural communities of the developing countries for their energy needs in terms of cooking and limited industrial use.

Biomass is a natural substance available, which stores Solar energy by the process of photosynthesis in the presence of sunlight. It mainly contains cellulose, hemi-cellulose and lignin, with an average composition of C6H10O5, with slight variations depending on the nature of the Biomass.

Biomass has always been an important energy source for the country considering the benefits it offers. It is renewable, widely available, carbon-neutral and has the potential to provide significant employment in the rural areas. Biomass is also capable of providing firm energy. About 32% of the total primary energy use in the country is still derived from Biomass and more than 70% of the country's population depends on it for energy needs.

The Government of Madhya Pradesh has taken note of the growing recognition of impacts of climate change and recognizes the need to tackle challenges that arise on account of these impacts through integrated policy prescriptions and programmes aimed at mitigation of impacts and adaptation to reduce vulnerability of systems. Based on this green initiative, by endorsing the essential need to prevent avoidable erosion of natural carbon-energy resources the state is endowed with, the state is committed to promote generation of electricity from Renewable Energy sources. The 'Biomass Resource Atlas of India" projects the gross potential for energy generation from agricultural sources at 1386.2 MWe in the state of Madhya Pradesh. The Government of Madhya Pradesh has notified Biomass power policy for speedy implementation of projects in state. The policy promotes captive Biomass production for which government waste land can be made available to the developers.

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